The skimmer is one of the essential components in setting up your pool. Their sole purpose is to remove debris from the pool so that the water is clean and safe for swimmers.
Skimmers are designed to suck up the top 1/8 inch of pool water, and their suction is so strong that most swimmers won’t even notice that the skimmers are attached to the pool. But if there weren’t any skiers around, the pool would have become so scary that everyone would have noticed.
We will ask: Why is the water so dirty? What causes the dark bottom of the pool and the abundance of “stuff” in it? What is wrong with my filter? Why did the pool hose die on me?
Learn as much as you can about pool skimmers now before it’s too late!
They are installed near the pool’s surface or (as in floating skimmers) to collect floating debris before it sinks to the bottom of the pool or, as we say, damage the pump or filter by being sucked in. …
There are several parts to a pool skimmer, including the skimmer basket, the lid or door (also known as a flap), and the permanently open channel.
A pool’s water is entered through one of the drains or the skimmer. Then, an electric motor drives a three-port valve that sends the liquid to the pump. After that, the water passes through a filter, then up to a heater (if installed), and finally back into the pool.
The skimmer starts here. Some pools have multiple skimmers, which is to use the skimmer to draw water into the system. This means picking up dirt, oil, leaves, twigs, and debris before the scraper falls to the bottom of the pool. In addition, the skimmer has a convenient suction line for drainage.
Many pool circulation systems have at least two surface scrapers connected to the pump. Most sea skimmers are placed in the pool, but some are designed to hang on the sides. Most are sturdy plastic blocks. Older pools often have a built-in concrete scraper.
Types of Pool Skimmers
The type of pool is the first thing you need to consider, and there are three types of skimmer you can choose from for that pool type.
Underground Pool Skimmer
Underground pool scrapers are surface scrapers made of durable plastic (or PVC) or precast concrete. The skimmer is built with a tank and a top opening. They are placed at the top of the pool wall. The water level in the swimming pool usually fluctuates between half and six of the scraper opening. Therefore, you can add more than one skimmer to the pool, depending on the water capacity.
The placement of the underground pool scraper relative to the return jet is essential for the pool’s circulation.
The underground pool scraper has a movable cover called a sluice. The weir opens and closes according to the water level and flow of the pool. The sluice opens when the pool pump is turned on.
As a thin layer of water flows over the weir, it creates a gliding effect (increasing the velocity of the water), pulling floating leaves and debris into the scraper basket. As a result, waste cannot flow back into the pool.
The equalizer line must be attached to the floor scraper. This will prevent air from entering the system if the water level becomes too low or the scraper basket becomes clogged.
In-ground Pool Skimmer
Above ground pool skimmer can be hung on the side of the pool frame with brackets or float freely on the water.
Depending on the brand of the above-ground pool, the pool liner may have a pre-cut opening to install an integrated pool scraper. It is now common to install these integrated skimmers in above-ground pools.
The only thing here is that you need to pierce the lining correctly. Otherwise, the entire pool liner will need to be replaced. But, again, this is a DIY job or if you are unsure, have a professional pool install a skimmer.
Automatic and solar-powered pool skimmer
The use of automatic and solar pool cleaners is becoming increasingly popular among pool owners. However, for the automatic cleaner to work, there must be a return jet in the pool.
When water returns from the pump to the pool, the auto-cleaner is directed into the return jet, where the water enters the auto-cleaner basket, where it spins like a whirlpool. Then suck the surrounding water and dirt into the upper and lower filter bags. The debris is trapped in the filter bag, and the water returns to the pool.
This reduces the load on the suction scraper and weir and reduces the load on the primary filter. Unfortunately, it only works if the pool pump is on.
Solar-powered pool cleaners are powered by solar energy and an internally rechargeable battery. The battery is charged with solar energy during the day, which powers the cleaner. Solar cleaners can be used for in-ground and above-ground pools.
How do pool skimmers work?
Pool scrapers draw water from the surface of the pool where most foreign bodies and debris are placed. These pollutants can be leaves, twigs, sand, and dust particles. If you don’t clean them regularly, they will sink to the bottom and settle, giving them a dark, dirty look. . However, failure to keep up with debris in the pool can result in the need to drain the pool for more drastic action.
Circulation and Filtration
Skimmers are the first point of circulation in your pool, and they provide access to the filtration system.
The pool pump draws water into the skimmers. During the skimmer basket flow, larger debris that might block your pump or filter is removed. As a result, your filter can fully perform its purpose of removing small contaminants, resulting in a cleaner return stream.
By ensuring the water that passes through your pump and filter is free of particles that might damage them, the skimmer does more than collect scum from your pool water. It also keeps that expensive equipment in good working order.
The more people swim, the more sunscreen, make-up, shampoo, soap, and other impurities remain in the water. Of course, your filter handles some of these. But if you want to go a little higher, put some tennis balls in the skimmer basket. Their cloudy appearance absorbs most of the oil on their surface.
You can also increase the effect by covering the skimmer basket with pantyhose. The finely woven fabric captures some of the tiny debris that usually strains the filter.
Addition of Chlorine Lock
You can spend some money to buy a floating chlorine dispenser. Alternatively, you can add a few chlorine tablets directly to the skimmer basket.
The advantage here is that the water is drawn from the scraper so that the water flows over the tablets and dissolves faster than when floating around the pool. This means that the water has a high chlorine concentration, making the water cleaner and more hygienic.
Ensure that the partially dissolved tablets are removed from the pool skimmer when you aren’t running the pump to prevent the highly chlorinated water from sitting in one spot, potentially damaging the equipment.
A pool cleaner that automatically vacuums your pool will be great, but there will be times when you need to clean it manually. As soon as that happens, you can turn on the pool’s circulation system.
After assembling the vacuum, insert the vacuum hose into the suction hole of the skimmer or use the skimmer vacuum plate. Vacuuming pushes the water into the pool’s filter system, making it cleaner and clearer.
Some Facts About Pool Skimmers
- The rule of thumb is to have one skimmer for every 500 square feet of swimming pool area. The number of skimmers that can be attached to a pool depends on its size.
- Weirs are entry points where water enters the skimmer.
- Keeping the basket clean and dumping the collected trash by hand is a daily chore.
- Motors power skimmers, and when they are turned off, the weir closes itself to prevent debris from entering the pool once again.
- Skimmers are located on decks in inground concrete swimming pools and can be accessed through the deck.
- We recommend that you shut off the skimmer pump when removing the basket and weir to prevent damage to the swimming pool’s filtration system and the pipeline.
- Skimmers serve as the gateway and the beginning of the filtration process in your pool. These pipes help keep unwanted debris from entering the pump or filter, which can damage or spoil them.
The Importance of Cleaning Your Pool Skimmers?
The pool skimmer is an essential part of any swimming pool’s filtration system. Filtration in the pool system starts with this stage. Clean skimmers are half the battle when it comes to maintaining a sparkling pool.
Clean your skimmer baskets daily so excess debris won’t accumulate, plus your pump will keep running at its optimum level, leading to a cleaner, healthier pool.
There will be less strain on the pool pump with fewer particles moving through your primary filter and fewer unnecessary chemicals added. As a result, the pool becomes cleaner.